When I was conducting my original masters research on career education and how this could help reduce the drop out rate for my at-risk students, I noticed that some researchers were citing secondary sources and I wondered if it was appropriate or standard protocol. I did not understand how to cite a secondary source because the APA manual was not quite clear and there were not enough examples online for me to conclude that it is acceptable practice. I was not able to share my questions on this until I started teaching APA style in the masters program and found other students with the same concern. We wondered if this was good research to rely on another researchers opinion.
Our readings this week shed light on the use of lore and other citation issues raised by Kennedy (2007). Kennedy became interested in conducting forensic research on citations that made a strong argument concerning teacher qualifications by comparing TQQT citation database and similar research by Walsh (2001). She investigated their rules for exclusion and inclusion in source citation. Kennedy pointed out three issues. One, if only peer-reviewed journals were the criteria, a whole population of research that might offer opposing views may be missed. Two, Kennedy found that a single source might be cited multiple times and that is just not good research because it creates a stronger arguement. Third, she looked at lore citations and showed what is acceptable use and what using it might bring to the argument table. Kennedy argued for judicious use of lore by examining primary sources, when possible, to avoid miscitations.
So where does this leave me? Am I realistically going to be able to read 453 research articles to ensure I have an unbiased study? I think the key is judiciously select what research to include or exclude, and it depends on the purpose, if it is an article or research. Miller's (2011) research analysis on student homelessness gives me a clean example of how to set up future methodology with detailed keyword parameters and research databases used to cite correctly.
Kennedy, M. M. (2007). Defining a literature. Educational Researcher, 36(3), 139-147.
Miller, P. M. (2011). A Critical analysis of the reserch on student homelessness. Review of Educational Research, Vol. 81(3), 308–337. doi: 10.3102/0034654311415120
Walsh, K. (2001). Teacher education reconsidered: Stumbling for quality. Baltimore, MD: Abell Foundation. (ED 460 100)
APA Citations http://libguides.radford.edu/content.php?pid=219451&sid=1822450